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MGM Exercise Testing & Fitness Laboratory

In the era of globalization, developing countries like India face major threats from the rising tide of lifestyle related disorders leading to non communicable diseases. According to WHO statistics for 2011, Non Communicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes account for 53% of all deaths in India. 

Early recognition and evaluation of causative factors of NCDs becomes an urgent need of the hour. Modifiable risk factors such as dietary habits, physical activity levels, tobacco alcohol abuse and high stress levels precipitate the development of physiological risk factors like obesity, raised blood pressure, altered blood glucose profile and dyslipidemia ultimately lead to these diseases.

Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality and causes 6% of all deaths. Higher levels of physical activity can decrease incidence of NCDs by almost 25% thus potentially reducing the economic burden placed by them.

Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that can result in energy expenditure. Fitness is the ability to perform daily tasks vigorously and alertly, with energy left over for enjoying leisure time activities and meeting emergency demands. Both are related but different concepts. Physical activity is a behavior whereas physical fitness is a biological trait.  

The drop in physical activity is seen to be due to inaction during leisure time and sedentary behavior on the job and at home. Likewise, an increase in the use of "passive" modes of transportation also contributes to physical inactivity.

Benefits of regular physical activity of moderate intensity – such as walking, cycling, or doing sports – has significant benefits for health, at all ages. It helps to improve muscular and cardio respiratory fitness; bone and functional health; reduce the risk of hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, breast and colon cancer and depression; reduces the risk of falls as well as hip or vertebral fractures; and are fundamental to energy balance and weight control.

By becoming more active throughout the day in relatively simple ways, people can easily achieve the recommended activity levels. Hence, at a population level, regular screening of physical activity and physical fitness levels using evidence based evaluation methods should be a public health priority. Early diagnosis and management  for health care promotion need to be initiated at all strata of society. 

Therefore keeping these objectives in mind, MGM Physiotherapy department has established a new MGM Exercise Testing and Fitness Laboratory to cater to health needs of the society. Physical activity levels are assessed using questionnaires. Health related fitness testing includes various components like anthropometric measurements, evaluation of flexibility, balance, muscle strength and endurance and cardiopulmonary endurance testing using state of art technology.